Foot and Mouth Disease and Disaster Risk Management

story from Tokyo Development Learning Center

Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings
WHO-OIE Operational Framework

Lessons from Miyazaki

February 20, 2015

In recent years, the world has seen many animal infectious disease epidemics such as avian flu, H1N1, and BSE. Animal disease epidemics threaten not only animal lives, but also the environment, agriculture, the economy, food security, and human health and life. Some animal diseases have the potential to spread to the human population, potentially killing tens of thousands of people in a short period of time. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the global annual cost of foot and mouth disease in terms of production losses and the need for prevention by vaccination has been estimated at approximately 5 billion dollars.

In April, 2010, Miyazaki prefecture experienced an outbreak of foot and mouth disease.  Foot and mouth disease commonly affects animals like cows and pigs, and is one of the most contagious animal diseases. By July of the same year, 292 cases had been identified, and 300,000 cows and pigs were slaughtered. Economic losses due to the epidemic were estimated at about 2 billion US dollars. Miyazaki successfully contained this disaster in about 4 months without the disease spreading outside of the prefecture.

In this video, key stakeholders who responded to the epidemic such as national and municipal government officials, farmers, and academia share their good practices and lessons learned from Miyazaki. They conclude that the consequences of animal disease epidemics are inter-disciplinary and far-reaching. It is important to take an inter-sectoral coordinated approach when developing disaster preparedness plans for responding to animal disease epidemics.

The experience from Miyazaki teaches us that the “One health” approach, strengthening partnerships between stakeholders in physical, mental, and animal health and its ecosystem interface is critical not only for controlling the emergence of animal infectious diseases, but also for protecting against and recovering from economic loss.  Taking such an approach around the globe is important to improve the well-being of animals, humans and society.

Video created by:
The World Bank Tokyo Development Learning Center
United Nations University International Institute for Global Health
National Center for Neurology and Psychiatry, Japan
Rakuno Gakuen University
Special thanks to:
World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
Miyazaki Prefectural Government


Katsuya Iwasaki
Head, Beef Division, Japan Agricultural Cooperatives, Osuzu

Yoshinobu Hidaka
President, Kyodo Farm

Toshifumi Nishimoto
Head, Animal Health Division, Miyazaki Prefectural Government

Nobuyuki Marumoto
Assistant Deputy Director, Miyakonojo Livestock Hygiene Service Center, Miyazaki Prefectural Government

Kohei Makita
Associate Professor of Veterinary Epidemiology, Rakuno Gakuen University

Bernard Vallat
Director General, World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)

Michiko Watari
Section Chief, National Information Center of Disaster Mental Health
National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry


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